With the development of aircraft capable of crossing the Atlantic, the transport of passengers and goods by air has become a lucrative activity. After the end of the Second World War, the United States and the United Kingdom; two countries that owned such aircraft at the time understood that they had to protect their still-young air markets and regulate transatlantic flights, On 11 February 1946, a bilateral air services agreement was signed on the island of Bermuda (now the Bermuda-I agreement), which, at the request of British negotiators, feared that the US requirements for a “free for all” agreement would lead to total domination by the then superior US airlines. financially and operationally in the global aviation industry. the world`s first bilateral air services agreement was very restrictive. (3) Conclude air agreements with key strategic partners – global agreements with global partners. In its judgment of 5 November 2002, the ECJ issued its judgments on the compatibility of “open skies” agreements with COMMUNITY law. (6) In short, the ECJ; For more information and figures on aviation relations between the EU and the EU in general, see the Atlas of Heaven. The creation of a joint committee to resolve issues relating to the interpretation or implementation of the agreement. (1) Adaptation to EU legislation of existing bilateral air services agreements between EU Member States and third countries – Horizontal Agreements. This involves amending about 1,500 bilateral agreements concluded by Member States with third countries to recognise the “community character” of our airlines.
Member States must authorise any EU carrier to fly from its country to a third country. The joint efforts of the Commission and member states have already enabled the compliance of more than 1000 bilateral agreements with 122 countries. Horizontal agreements have been negotiated with some 50 countries that have amended all bilateral agreements between a third country and all EU Member States with which that country has bilateral agreements. The second White Paper was published by the Commission in 2001 and a 10-year perspective has been created for the Common Transport Policy. The White Paper has developed proposals to create balanced transport structures between different modes of transport, improve intermodality and interconnection, and overcome bottlenecks and address resource shortages. Following the adoption of binding and harmonised aviation safety legislation, security agencies have been established for railways, air and sea transport, the development of passenger rights and the social aspects of transport policy. In addition, after September 11, 2001, safety guidelines were established for different types of critical modes of transportation and infrastructure. Following considerable efforts by the United States to allay fears of internal resistance, a new draft text was presented in early 2007 in three additional rounds of negotiations, signed by both sides and subsequently adopted at the meeting of EU transport ministers on 22 March 2007.